Atopic Dermatitis In Children & What To KnowSurgeryPediatric
Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common diseases in babies and young children. According to statistics, the percentage of children with this diagnosis varies between 10 and 20 in different countries. Most of the time this disease is growing, but in almost ¼ of the patients the symptoms also manifest in adulthood.
How to Recognize Atopic Dermatitis
The first symptoms of the disease usually occur several days after birth. The skin is extremely dry and with a rough surface. There are red, itchy plaques on cheeks, elbows, knees and other body parts. In the acute stage, a wetting eczema occurs. The barrier function of the skin has been compromised and a consequence of this is prone to developing infections caused by staphylococci, streptococci and other bacteria.
Causes of the Disease
The causes of atopic dermatitis are complex, both inherited and individually conditioned. Contamination of the environment through embryonic development is one of the main factors for the formation of atopic attitudes. It has been found that this disease is mainly caused by children in large industrial cities. At the base is an immunological disorder, which, in addition to atopic dermatitis, can also occur as bronchial asthma. The disease is triggered by a number of external factors such as infections, stress, contact allergens, wind, temperature, etc.
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The treatment of atopic skin is symptomatic – against dryness, itching, redness and infections. Especially important is the daily use of special, cosmetic products for atopic skin. Patients have been found to have a disorder in the metabolism of unsaturated essential fatty acids, especially gamma-linolenic acid deficiency, so it has to be imported externally through emulsifiers. With strong itching, efficacious urea preparations are available. In the acute phase of the disease, short courses of local corticosteroid creams and local antibiotic infections are made.
The trend in the development of modern medical cosmetics for atopic dermatitis is almost entirely to replace corticosteroids and other medications with side effects. The aim is to use only the acute phase of the disease.